There are dozens of species of cockatoo, all of which can be found in Australia, Indonesia, the Philippines, New Guinea, and the Solomon Islands. Cockatoos are generally large birds, although cockatiels are a member of the same family and are very small in comparison. Want to know a cool fact? The crest of the cockatoo actually reflects how they’re feeling. A vertical crest shows pleasure or excitement, a crest parallel with their body shows neutrality, and a flattened crest depicts fear or hostility.
They are considered a pest by corn farmers but the major threats come from loss of habitat and pressure from collection for the pet trade. The salmon crested, Cacatua moluccensis, and the Blue Eyed, Cacatua ophthalmica, are listed as vulnerable. The White cockatoo, Cacatua alba, and the Short Billed Black, Zanda latirostris, are considered endangered. The Philippine, Cacatua haematuropygia, and Yellow Crested, Cacatua sulphurea, are critically endangered.