The Florida panther faces many threats, including alligators, pesticides, and automobiles, but the biggest issues facing these animals are habitat loss and a lack of genetic diversity.
These cats are very territorial animals and require lots of space to hunt. Thus, conserving their habitat of cypress swamp and pineland is key to their survival. Though their numbers have improved from just 20 in the 1970s to 160 in 2013, there still are not enough panthers to form a genetically diverse population. In the 1990s, female cougars from Texas were introduced to help stem this issue.