Unfortunately, ocean sunfish are classified as a vulnerable species by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature. Sunfish are frequent victims of bycatch from drift gillnet fisheries, and there is little regulation in place to protect them. They are also seriously threatened by pollution, as floating plastic garbage bags resemble jellyfish which is their primary food source.
Ocean sunfish do not have an official conservation status, but their populations are believed to be stable. They do face threats from marine debris and gill nets. They are also caught by humans for food and for use in traditional Chinese medicine.