The Schnauzer comes in two sizes - the Standard Schnauzer and the Miniature Schnauzer. The Standard Schnauzer is the oldest variation of the breed. These dogs were developed in the Middle Ages for herding purposes, but the Schnauzer as it is known today came from Germany.
Scientific & Common Names
The scientific name for this breed of dog is "Schnauzer - Canis lupus familiaris." The Schnauzer is typically called by this name, but can also be known as Wirehaired Pinscher, though rarely used anymore.
Standing 17 to 20 inches tall at the shoulder and weighing between 30 and 60 pounds when fully grown, the Standard Schnauzer is classified as a medium breed dog. The Miniature Schnauzer stands 12 to 14 inches tall and weighs around 10 to 18 pounds when fully grown.
There are many reputable Standard and Miniature Schnauzer breeders across the country. There are also several breed specific rescues that help rehome Schnauzers and protect the breed. These dogs are prone to several birth defects and health problems, so it is important to choose a breeder wisely. You may also find Schnauzers at your local pet shelter, if you choose to rescue a dog in need of a home.
The Schnauzer is very smart and very active. Lots of exercise is a must for this dog. A Standard Schnauzer will enjoy a large fenced yard, while the Miniature Schnauzer is great for those who live in small spaces, such as apartments. Both dogs do well with a daily walk around the neighborhood or trip to the local dog park to catch a ball.
The Schnauzer traces his roots back to the Middle Ages. However, the Schnauzer as he is known today originated in Germany in the mid-19th century. The breed was standardized and bred for herding and working purposes.
Both breeds of Schnauzer remain popular in the United States and many enthusiast organizations host shows and meet-ups with their dogs. This dog typically has a life span of 12 to 16 years.